Evolution to Revolution – Lighting 1.0 to 3.0

It boils down to your fingertips these days, doesn’t it? Press a button and lights go on or off; they become brighter or dimmer – all through a digital screen. How did lighting systems change overnight this way?

At Arraystorm, we decided to trace the roots of this innovation.

Lighting 1.0 – Basic Illumination

Of course, we can talk about the “dark ages” of candles and oil lamps, but the age of artificial lighting began, so to speak, with a basic bulb. Even before Edison invented the 16-watt lightbulb, electric lighting systems were in place on a demonstrative scale. The entire 19th and 20th century saw many growths in this invention as the first LED developed in 1927 by Oleg Losev. Since then, many energy efficient solutions came up, all focusing on just one need – how can we make them do more with less?

And then there was Lighting 2.0 …

Human beings love control. From screen settings to the exact centigrade of our breakfast, we want to make sure that everything is just the way we want. Why not lights, then?

As technology evolved, so did the lighting system. Thereby, came Lighting 2.0. Much more sophisticated than those in Lighting 1.0, the devices in this era saw more controls than mere turning ON and OFF with a switch. The lighting levels could be scheduled as per the time of the day. Detectors at the entrance enabled them to identify occupancy in the room, and they could be turned off accordingly, giving better power savings.

Yet they were – and in many places still are – limited by wired operations. This became a huge disadvantage as it restricted the flexibility of managers to plan and place lights in pre-planned locations. The complexity of the wiring systems increased, and it became a tough call to judge if the building was complete or if the capex could be increased. This put pressure on the decision makers when it came to crucial decisions like budgeting as they did not have all the information they needed on the power consumption.

Clearly, the lighting systems needed to do more.

Lighting 3.0 of the future

As Internet of Things (IoT) took over the world, people needed their technology to be more intelligent. People couldn’t rely on plain electromechanical devices. They also had to be SMART – smart phones and tabs, sophisticated panels and capacitive touch screens – all this became the need of the hour. Most importantly, the world was shifting to wireless connectivity. Then, why not lighting?

Going forward, lighting control systems will not just control lights based on occupancy; the control systems will make more intelligent decisions based on space, daylight, temperature, humidity and other factors. With Machine Learning, AI and Big Data Analytics, predictive analysis can be done so that lighting systems can automatically suggest solutions to optimize the usage of lights and go beyond light into HVAC, space, security and many other areas. So, it’s not one-way communication where we tell the lights what to do. When the many systems marry to offer solutions, two-way communication is achieved.

Lighting will also play a significant role in the wellness of the recipients, as they spend so much time under the lights. In the space of health and wellness, most technologies are mirroring nature. Lighting systems, too, are automatically tuning the lighting colour and temperature to match the circadian rhythm of the human body, thereby offering a much healthier solution to the occupants. Emphasis is also being placed on the comfort of lights and reduction of glares. This is achieved through 2 ways – design of the LEDs and through controls that can be operated by the occupants.

There is definitely a great focus on Lighting 3.0 in the world over and it is interesting to see where it moves towards in the future.

Arraystorm is at the forefront of Lighting 3.0 with ETHOS, that has revolutionised the lighting industry by adopting the Wireless IoT (WIoT) technology in lighting systems and focussing on WELL Lighting.

Have you brought in this innovation in your workspace? If not, get in touch with us at https://www.arraystorm.com/contact.html



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